April 19, 1917: Wake Up America Day

With the declaration of war came the need for troops to fight it. Before April 6, 1917, the Army had 133,000 Regular Army soldiers and 80,000 National Guard,  the Navy had 52,000 sailors, and the Marine Corps numbered 15,000. More people were needed for war. A full-scale recruiting effort was launched quickly. According to The New…

Trench Warfare

Trench warfare is synonymous with World War I. Trench warfare is a type of land warfare that opposes enemy force by attacking, counterattacking, and defending from an array of permanent trenches dug into the ground. Trench warfare was first seen in the 17th century, and became more popular as time progressed, with trenches used in…

Propaganda

  Propaganda is the use of information to sway the public’s opinion on a current political topic. Propaganda is biased and used to mislead the viewer to accept a one-sided point of view. Although propaganda was nothing new, World War I was the first time the organized dissemination of information was used on a large…

Life in 1917: Learn More

Want to learn more about life before WWI? Check out some of these great resources: 1910-1919 by Joanna Bourke (click here for Army collection) The 1910s by David Blanke The 1910s ed. John F. Wukovits The 1910s decade in photos: a decade that shook the world by Jim Corrigan The 1910s from World War I to Ragtime Music by Stephen Feinstein (click here for…

Book Club: The Sleepwalkers Discussion Questions

Here are some ideas to think about while reading this book. Use them to guide your thinking as well as the discussion during your book club meeting. How would you define a nation state during the early 20th century? How does nationalism cross borders? How did nationalism contribute to the crisis of 1914? What impact…

El Paso, Texas (Fort Bliss): World War I Era, 1910-1919

Fort Bliss At the beginning of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, Fort Bliss was one link in a chain of American military posts near the border. These posts included forts McIntosh, Sam Houston, and Clark in the Department of Texas, and forts Apache and Huachuca in the Department of the Colorado.        Fort Bliss, circa…