Book Club: Guns of August by Barbara W. Tuchman

One of the selections for April-June 2018 is “The Guns of August” by Barbara Tuchman. Tuchman, b. January 30, 1912 – d. February 6, 1989, won the 1963 Pulitzer Prize for this book which is considered a classic. Tuchman was born in New York City before WWI broke out, though the conflict would surely have…

Food and Morale

Food also, however, affected the morale of the soldiers on a day to day basis and helped them to remember home.  British army rations included tea and jam and the French soldiers maintained a daily allowance of red wine for much of the war (up to 3/4 of a liter per day in 1916). In…

Voluntary Rationing Today?

During WWI, Americans worked together to conserve food in order to help feed our allies, our own soldiers, and the population at home.  If a large scale war began during the current day and age, do you think Americans would again band together to help with the effort, or has the world changed too much?  What…

Win the War in the Kitchen

All across the nation, local food boards hosted cooking, gardening, and food preservation classes, handing out recipes that replaced wartime commodities with other ingredients.   An official cookbook was published by the State Department of Defense called Win the War in the Kitchen and demonstrations from the book were given at the Patriotic Food Show in…

Further Reading: Trench Warfare

If you would like to read more about trench warfare, here are some books on the topic: Aisne 1914: The Dawn of Trench Warfare by Paul Kendall (electronic resource) Behind the Lines by W. F. Morris (fiction; electronic resource) The Rocky Road to the Great War: the Evolution of Trench Warfare to 1914 by Nicholas…

April 19, 1917: Wake Up America Day

With the declaration of war came the need for troops to fight it. Before April 6, 1917, the Army had 133,000 Regular Army soldiers and 80,000 National Guard,  the Navy had 52,000 sailors, and the Marine Corps numbered 15,000. More people were needed for war. A full-scale recruiting effort was launched quickly. According to The New…

Trench Warfare

Trench warfare is synonymous with World War I. Trench warfare is a type of land warfare that opposes enemy force by attacking, counterattacking, and defending from an array of permanent trenches dug into the ground. Trench warfare was first seen in the 17th century, and became more popular as time progressed, with trenches used in…