Harlem Hellfighters: Caricatures of the “Enemy”

The Black men of the 369th Regiment were known in World War I by many names: the 15th New York Army National Guard at its formation in 1916, the 369th Infantry Regiment to the United States War Department when it was assigned to the French Army in 1918, and the Black Rattlers for the rattlesnake…

Company D, 47th Infantry, 4th Division, near Sergy in the Aisne-Marne Offensive, July 29-August 1, 1918

A brief summary of the operation immediately preceding the engagement mentioned in the title of this paper is necessary, especially so since the 1st Battalion 47th Infantry was detached from its own regiment and fought, in this battle, under the orders of the Commanding Officer, 167th Infantry, 42nd Division. On July 18, the 1st American…

Operations of the Company B, 38th Infantry, along the Marne River, July 22-23, 1918

…The enlisted men received here, on the other hand, were mainly draftees from the southern and eastern National Army camps and were of low order both mentally and physically, and many were unable to withstand the rigors of a winter under canvas. As a result there were numerous deaths from pneumonia and influenza. The mentally…

Operations of Battery A, 7th Field Artillery, in the Aisne-Marne Offensive, July 18-25, 1918

This monograph deals with the detailed operations of a single battery of light artillery in the great counter offensive of July 18, 1918. There are no works of general historical interest bearing directly on the case, and few contemporary records or documents are available. Most of the material used has been obtained by personal conference,…