Operations of 106th Infantry, 27th Division, in the attack after the breaking of the Hindenburg Line, October 17-21, 1918

This is an attempt at a revival of personal impressions gained on the occasions herein described. However, because these are dug from a memory dimmed by time, this memory finds itself at variance with thoughts expressed by authoritative sources. Every effort has been made to reconcile such situations, it is hoped, without distortion of fact.…

Company D, 166th Infantry, 42nd Division, in the 2nd and 3rd phases of the Meuse-Argonne, October 12- November 10, 1918

The Forty Second Division was made up of National Guard units drawn from twenty-six states and the District of Columbia, the four infantry regiments coming from New York, Ohio, Alabama, and Iowa, and being designated as the 165th, 166th, 167th, and the 168th, respectively. The first commander of this division was Major General William A.…

Operations of Company A, 142nd Infantry, 36th Division, in the Champagne Offensive, Oct. 7-12, 1918

Company A, 142nd Infantry, was formed originally from two companies of the 1st Oklahoma Infantry (National Guard). Later its strength was augmented by personnel secured in the draft and by transfers from other units of the 142nd Infantry. It arrived in France somewhat shot of its authorized strength of 250 enlisted men and in its…

Operations of the 3rd Battalion, 117th Infantry, 30th Division, in the British Offensive toward Mauberge, Oct. 5-8-, 1918

This monograph is intended to be a simple narrative of a portion of the battle life of a small unit and it is not the thought of the writer to discuss in any way any of the major phases in tactics or strategy of the large units in connection with such action. The 3d Battalion…

1st Division in the 2nd Phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, October 4-31, 1918

History has little to do with speculation, yet it is interesting and possibly instructive to wonder what might have been the results, had lack of success attended the efforts of an army at a critical time in a certain war or campaign. Had the First and Second American Divisions failed in their efforts at Soissons,…

Operations of the 37-mm Gun Platoon, 26th Infantry, 1st Division, Oct. 1-12, 1918

This narrative pertains to the happenings during combat of a small unit attached to a battalion. There are no broad interpretations of Principles of War involved. Rather in the preparation of this paper the author endeavored to point out situations and conditions of battle experienced personally and which may invite consideration from the standpoint of…

Operations of 37-MM Platoon, 166th Infantry, 42nd Infantry Division (U.S.), October – November 1918

In order to present this subject, it will be necessary to go back to the fall of 1917, when the 42nd Division was organized. It was made up of National Guard troops from twenty-six different states and the District of Columbia. It received the alternate name of the “Rainbow Division” by which it was more…

Harlem Hellfighters: Red Summer

Melville Miller was only sixteen when he enlisted with the Regiment that would become the Harlem Hellfighters.  “Everybody’s head [was] held high,” he recalled decades later in an interview in 1977, “we were all proud to be Americans, proud to be black, and proud to be in the 15th New York Infantry.” (Wang) Awarded the…

Harlem Hellfighters: Ambassadors of Jazz

The 369th Infantry Regiment brought more than bravery in battle to France; it brought a musical marvel, a unique, syncopated sensation that some historians consider as “America’s greatest cultural gift to the globe.” (Maloney) Grown from the ragtime roots of the African American community, this revolutionary kind of music became an instant phenomenon across Europe:…