Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red

To mark the 100-year anniversary of the beginning of WWI, English artists Paul Cummins and Tom Piper created a public art installation, entitled Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red in July of 2014. The installation featured 888,246 ceramic poppies, which were installed in the moat area of the Tower of London in England. The…

Memorial Poppies

In the month of November, paper and silk poppies can be seen adorning collars and lapels in the UK and in the United States. November 11th is Veteran’s Day in the US, and is also the date that WWI officially ended. Poppy wearing and sales usually peak around this time. The tradition of wearing the…

In Flanders Fields

In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead.   Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In…

What’s With All the Poppies?!

When you think of WWI memorials, one of the first images that comes to mind is the ubiquitous red poppy flower. How did a flower come to represent one of the bloodiest wars in history? The poppy as a symbol of The Great War has a bit of a complicated start. The common poppy flower…

Operations of the Supply Company, 9th United States Infantry, 2nd Division, during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Nov. 1-11, 1918

On 22nd October 1918 the 9th Infantry as part of the 2d Division was relieved from its tour of duty with the Fourth French Army in the Champange Sector with orders to join by marching the First American Army. It left its billets at Courtisols and marched to Valmy, proceeding next day to Camp Cabaud…

Operations of 106th Infantry, 27th Division, in the attack after the breaking of the Hindenburg Line, October 17-21, 1918

This is an attempt at a revival of personal impressions gained on the occasions herein described. However, because these are dug from a memory dimmed by time, this memory finds itself at variance with thoughts expressed by authoritative sources. Every effort has been made to reconcile such situations, it is hoped, without distortion of fact.…

Company D, 166th Infantry, 42nd Division, in the 2nd and 3rd phases of the Meuse-Argonne, October 12- November 10, 1918

The Forty Second Division was made up of National Guard units drawn from twenty-six states and the District of Columbia, the four infantry regiments coming from New York, Ohio, Alabama, and Iowa, and being designated as the 165th, 166th, 167th, and the 168th, respectively. The first commander of this division was Major General William A.…

Operations of Company A, 142nd Infantry, 36th Division, in the Champagne Offensive, Oct. 7-12, 1918

Company A, 142nd Infantry, was formed originally from two companies of the 1st Oklahoma Infantry (National Guard). Later its strength was augmented by personnel secured in the draft and by transfers from other units of the 142nd Infantry. It arrived in France somewhat shot of its authorized strength of 250 enlisted men and in its…

Operations of the 3rd Battalion, 117th Infantry, 30th Division, in the British Offensive toward Mauberge, Oct. 5-8-, 1918

This monograph is intended to be a simple narrative of a portion of the battle life of a small unit and it is not the thought of the writer to discuss in any way any of the major phases in tactics or strategy of the large units in connection with such action. The 3d Battalion…